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Reasons For Infertility You Should Know

Couples with reduced fertility often referred to as infertility, have many options available to them in regards to treatment. The first stage in the process of determining the most suitable treatment involves looking at the reasons for infertility and what is behind them.

Infertility is usually diagnosed when a couple has been trying to conceive for longer than 12 months unsuccessfully. If the couple has managed to achieve implantation, had a positive pregnancy test or has already conceived previously, the condition is diagnosed as secondary infertility.

Conception is a very complicated process relying on many factors to be successful. Finding out the reasons why a couple has a reduced ability to conceive can be quite complicated but there are very good test methods in place nowadays. Only 10% of all infertility cases are diagnosed as unexplained infertility, where a cause cannot be found. So what are the main causes contributing to infertility?

Many couples will immediately assume that there is something wrong with the female's reproductive system. In fact, the problem is shared equally between women and men. Female factor infertility accounts for 40% of diagnosed cases of infertility, and male factor infertility accounts for a further 40%. In 10% of cases, both partners share reduced fertility and a further 10% remain unexplained.

In order to achieve a successful pregnancy the sperm and eggs both need to be healthy. The fallopian tubes need to be unblocked allowing the sperm to reach the egg. The sperm must be able to fertilize the egg which means they need to be present in large quantities and have the ability to travel the distance (referred to a sperm count and motility respectively).

The fertilized egg must have the ability to be implanted into the woman's uterus and the resulting embryo must be healthy enough to survive and grow as intended. If any of these reproductive processes are not functioning properly, reduced fertility is the result.

Some primary causes of infertility in women are due to problems with ovulation, problems with the endometrial tissues such as endometriosis, problems with the ovaries such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and problems with the uterus such as fibroids.

Primary causes of infertility in men are due to low or no sperm count, reduced sperm motility, reduced sperm quality or blocked tubes.

Some of these causes of infertility may be genetic, physical, hormone or lifestyle-related. Understanding the reasons for infertility is the first step in seeking treatment that will lead to restored fertility and successful pregnancy. For more information Consult Ankoor fertility clinic, they have an excellent team of IVF doctors leads by Dr. Kedar Ganla at their Fertility Clinic in Mumbai